Sobia Rafiq has previously worked as an Urban Planner at iDeCK’s [Infrastructure Development Corporation (Karnataka) Ltd.] Urban team, focussed on developing strategies and proposals for Smart Cities (Tumakuru and Thiruvananthapuram), Solid Waste Management (Mandya District) and Lake Rejuvenation (Veerasandra, Bengaluru). Prior to this she has worked as a Fellow at the Centre for Public Problem Solving (CPPS), a think tank that focussed on addressing urban issues by working in collaboration with the municipalities and other stakeholders. Her main focus was on tackling Solid Waste Management issues in the city of Bengaluru, through introducing system thinking, strategic planning, data analytic & GIS mapping. As an architect she primarily worked in the social sector, both urban and rural, with organisations like NIVASA, S3IDF (Small Scale Infrastructure Development Fund) and Selco Foundation. She is originally from Bengaluru, India and earned her B.Arch from Manipal University and MSc. in City Design and Social Science from the LSE Cities, London School of Economics & Political Science, UK.